Robustness of solutions to a benchmark control problem

Robert F. Stengel, Christopher I. Marrisont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


The robustness of 10 solutions to a benchmark control design problem presented at the 1990 American Control Conference has been evaluated. The 10 controllers have second- to eighth-order transfer functions and have been designed using several different methods, including H optimization, loop-transfer recovery, imaginary-axis shifting, constrained optimization, structured covariance, game theory, and the internal model principle. Stochastic robustness analysis quantifies the controllers' stability and performance robustness with structured uncertainties in up to six system parameters. The analysis provides insights into system response that are not readily derived from other robustness criteria and provides a common ground for judging controllers produced by alternative methods. One important conclusion is that gain and phase margins are not reliable indicators of the probability of instability. Furthermore, parameter variations actually may improve the likelihood of achieving selected performance metrics, as demonstrated by results for the probability of settling-time exceedance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1060-1067
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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