Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming

Isaac M. Held, Brian J. Soden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3687 Scopus citations


Using the climate change experiments generated for the Fourth Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this study examines some aspects of the changes in the hydrological cycle that are robust across the models. These responses include the decrease in convective mass fluxes, the increase in horizontal moisture transport, the associated enhancement of the pattern of evaporation minus precipitation and its temporal variance, and the decrease in the horizontal sensible heat transport in the extratropics. A surprising finding is that a robust decrease in extratropical sensible heat transport is found only in the equilibrium climate response, as estimated in slab ocean responses to the doubling of CO2, and not in transient climate change scenarios. All of these robust responses are consequences of the increase in lower-tropospheric water vapor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5686-5699
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Climate
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this