Robust data-driven inference in the regression-discontinuity design

Sebastian Calonico, Matias D. Cattaneo, Rocío Titiunik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

320 Scopus citations


In this article, we introduce three commands to conduct robust data-driven statistical inference in regression-discontinuity (RD) designs. First, we present rdrobust, a command that implements the robust bias-corrected confidence intervals proposed in Calonico, Cattaneo, and Titiunik (2014d, Econometrica 82: 2295–2326) for average treatment effects at the cutoff in sharp RD, sharp kink RD, fuzzy RD, and fuzzy kink RD designs. This command also implements other conventional nonparametric RD treatment-effect point estimators and confidence intervals. Second, we describe the companion command rdbwselect, which implements several bandwidth selectors proposed in the RD literature. Following the results in Calonico, Cattaneo, and Titiunik (2014a, Working paper, University of Michigan), we also introduce rdplot, a command that implements several data-driven choices of the number of bins in evenly spaced and quantile-spaced partitions that are used to construct the RD plots usually encountered in empirical applications. A companion R package is described in Calonico, Cattaneo, and Titiunik (2014b, Working paper, University of Michigan).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberst0366
Pages (from-to)909-946
Number of pages38
JournalStata Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)


  • Bandwidth selection
  • Bias correction
  • Fuzzy RD
  • Fuzzy kink RD
  • Local polynomials
  • RD plots
  • Rdbwselect
  • Rdplot
  • Rdrobust
  • Regression discontinuity (RD)
  • Sharp RD
  • Sharp kink RD
  • Treatment effects
  • st0366


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