Risk Stratification for Athletes and Adventurers in High-Altitude Environments: Recommendations for Preparticipation Evaluation

Aaron D. Campbell, Scott E. McIntosh, Andy Nyberg, Amy P. Powell, Robert B. Schoene, Peter Hackett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

High-altitude athletes and adventurers face a number of environmental and medical risks. Clinicians often advise participants or guiding agencies before or during these experiences. Preparticipation evaluation (PPE) has the potential to reduce risk of high-altitude illnesses in athletes and adventurers. Specific conditions susceptible to high-altitude exacerbation also important to evaluate include cardiovascular and lung diseases. Recommendations by which to counsel individuals before participation in altitude sports and adventures are few and of limited focus. We reviewed the literature, collected expert opinion, and augmented principles of a traditional sport PPE to accommodate the high-altitude wilderness athlete/adventurer. We present our findings with specific recommendations on risk stratification during a PPE for the high-altitude athlete/adventurer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-411
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 8 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • Preparticipation evaluation
  • altitude
  • chronic disease AND altitude
  • wilderness athlete
  • wilderness sports

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