Risk assessment of an interacting structure-soil system due to liquefaction

Steve Koutsourelakis, Jean H. Prvost, George Deodatis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


The present study deals with the non-linear stochastic dynamic analysis of a soil-structure interacting system. The ultimate objective is to determine the risk of damage to the system due to liquefaction under a wide range of earthquake intensities. A Monte Carlo simulation approach is followed in conjunction with advanced finite element procedures. The stochastic spatial variability of soil properties and the randomness of the seismic excitation are taken into account in order to estimate the statistics of the response, measured in terms of uniform foundation settlement and tilting. Specifically, soil properties are modelled as non-Gaussian random fields and seismic excitations as non-stationary random processes. The probabilistic characteristics of the stochastic field modelling soil properties are established from in situ tests. The risk of damage to the soil-structure system due to liquefaction is assessed by establishing fragility curves, which are of paramount importance for risk assessment and management studies of such systems. Fragility curves express the probability of exceeding various thresholds in the response. The relative effect of the variability of various soil parameters on the variability of the response is also examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-879
Number of pages29
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


  • Fragility curves
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Liquefaction
  • Stochastic material properties


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