Rigid-body rotation of an electron cloud in divergent magnetic fields

A. Fruchtman, R. Gueroult, N. J. Fisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


For a given voltage across a divergent poloidal magnetic field, two electric potential distributions, each supported by a rigid-rotor electron cloud rotating with a different frequency, are found analytically. The two rotation frequencies correspond to the slow and fast rotation frequencies known in uniform plasma. Due to the centrifugal force, the equipotential surfaces, that correspond to the two electric potential distributions, diverge more than the magnetic surfaces do, the equipotential surfaces in the fast mode diverge largely in particular. The departure of the equipotential surfaces from the magnetic field surfaces may have a significant focusing effect on the ions accelerated by the electric field. The focusing effect could be important for laboratory plasma accelerators as well as for collimation of astrophysical jets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number073502
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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