Ribogreen Fluorescent Assay Kinetics to Measure Ribonucleic Acid Loading into Lipid Nanoparticle Carriers

Navid Bizmark, Satya Nayagam, Bumjun Kim, David F. Amelemah, Dawei Zhang, Sujit S. Datta, Rodney D. Priestley, Tom Colace, Jane Wang, Robert K. Prud'homme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

New generations of vaccines have been developed by encapsulating messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) in lipid nanoparticle (LNP) carriers. In addition to the physicochemical properties of LNPs, the encapsulation efficiency (EE) of mRNA in LNPs is a key factor to screen vaccine assembly assays. Fluorescent dyes with amplified signals upon binding with mRNA are at the core of developing assays to quantify EE. However, disregarding the temporal effects during the assay impacts the accuracy of the assay. Here, the kinetics of temporal decay in fluorescence intensity of dye-RNA complex—in Ribogreen assay—are reported and shown how this dynamic process can be impeded in the presence of a nonionic surfactant. Further, the impact of this dynamic process on the calculated EE is studied. The corrections needed to accurately assay dynamic mRNA loading processes are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Keywords

  • Ribogreen assay
  • drug delivery
  • lipid nanoparticles
  • ribonucleic acid
  • vaccine formulation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ribogreen Fluorescent Assay Kinetics to Measure Ribonucleic Acid Loading into Lipid Nanoparticle Carriers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this