Rheology control by modulating hydrophobic and inclusion associations in modified poly(acrylic acid) solutions

Xuhong Guo, Ahmed A. Abdala, Bruce L. May, Stephen F. Lincoln, Saad A. Khan, Robert K. Prud'homme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rheology of modified poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) solutions can be tuned by controlling the inclusion interactions between α-cyclodextrins and alkyl hydrophobes. We demonstrate three modes of control: (1) using free cyclodextrins (CD) to displace hydrophobe-hydrophobe association in hydrophobically modified poly(acrylic acid) (HMPAA) polymers-which reduces fluid viscosity, (2) using competitive inclusion interactions where stronger SDS:CD binding can be used to 'unmask' CD:hydropobe inclusion interactions-which increases viscosity, and (3) employing HMPAA inclusion interactions with CD groups grafted to PAA chains (CDPAA)-which produces higher viscosities than purely hydrophobic association systems at the same concentration. The inclusion association between alkyl side-group in HMPAA and CD, either free or grafted onto PAA, obeys a 1-to-1 stoichiometry at low polymer concentrations (<1 wt%). In contrast to purely hydrophobically associating polymers, the CD:hydrophobe interaction is only binary, and, therefore, these associated networks should be ideal model systems to test theoretical predictions for associative fluids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2976-2983
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer
Volume47
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • Inclusion association
  • Poly(acrylic acid)
  • Rheology

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