Resonating singlet valence plaquettes

S. Pankov, R. Moessner, Shivaji Lal Sondhi

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29 Scopus citations


We consider the simplest generalizations of the valence bond physics of SU(2) singlets to SU (N) singlets that comprise objects with N sites-these are SU (N) singlet plaquettes with N=3 and N=4 in three spatial dimensions. Specifically, we search for a quantum mechanical liquid of such objects-a resonating singlet valence plaquette phase that generalizes the celebrated resonating valence bond phase for SU(2) spins. We extend the Rokhsar-Kivelson construction of the quantum dimer model to the simplest SU(4) model for valence plaquette dynamics on a cubic lattice. The phase diagram of the resulting quantum plaquette model is analyzed both analytically and numerically. We find that the ground state is solid everywhere, including at the Rokhsar-Kivelson point where the ground state is an equal amplitude sum. By contrast, the equal amplitude sum of SU(3) singlet triangular plaquettes on the face-centered cubic lattice is liquid and is thus a candidate for describing a resonating single valence plaquette phase, given a suitably defined local Hamiltonian.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104436
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 27 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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