Resistance and identity politics in an age of globalization

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This article questions the widely held view that indigenous movements in Latin America during the last decades of the twentieth century were caused by globalization. The author reviews several bodies of literature and concludes that, although globalization may be a fit descriptor for some of the actions and narratives of indigenous movements, it cannot be understood as a causal determinant. Many indigenous movements emerged long before the neoliberal current started, others coincide with it, and yet others lag significantly. The author proposes an alternative framework that gives primary significance to state-society relations. Contrary to the idea that national states may have lost prominence in the age of globalization I contend the opposite, suggesting also that indigenous movements have emerged where there are (1) challenges to preexisting corporate identities, (2) transcommunity networks to provide the resources for mobilization, and (3) associational spaces to facilitate collective expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-181
Number of pages22
JournalAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Social Sciences


  • Globalization
  • Indigenous movements
  • National states and neoliberalism
  • Transcommunity networks


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