Infrastructure resilience is the ability of an infrastructure asset to limit the effect and duration of damaging extreme events. The four main components of the concept of resilience are robustness, resourcefulness, recovery and redundancy most of which are very difficult to be quantified. In addition to this difficulty, a careful study of extreme event cases can demonstrate that it is very common for an extreme event scenario to include cascading multi-hazard events such as blast, floods, earthquake, and fire. This paper studies the resilience of a multi-story steel frame with multi-hazard considerations which include a post-event fire scenario. The initiating extreme event is simulated through the threat-independent alternate load path method of analysis and a post-event fire is considered following the extreme event. The work in the paper combines previous work by the authors on stability-induced collapse of damaged steel structures and closed-form solutions for temperature predictions of wide-flange components during a fire scenario. For the purposes of the fire scenarios, new fire time-temperature curves are developed based on experimental data from the well-known Cardington fire tests. The results show that even when a structure can withstand an extreme event scenario, a post-event fire consideration is highly critical to evaluate the remaining time of survival of the structure before collapse. It is shown that the sequential method of multi-hazard analysis can lead to very short available time periods before the post-event fire leads to the complete collapse.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys