Retraction of the blood clot by nucleated cells contributes both to hemostasis and to tissue remodeling. Although plasma fibronectin (FN) is a key component of the clot, its role in clot retraction is unclear. In this report, we demonstrate that the incorporation of FN into fibrin matrices significantly improves clot retraction by nucleated cells expressing the integrin α5β1. Further, we show that FN-fibrin clots support increased cell spreading when compared with fibrin matrices. To determine the structural requirements for FN in this process, recombinant FN monomers deficient in ligand binding or fibrin cross-linking were incorporated into fibrin clots. We show that recombinant FN monomers support clot retraction by Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the integrin α5β1. This process depends on both the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) and the synergy cell-binding sites and on covalent FN-fibrin binding, demonstrating that cross-linking within the clot is important for cell-FN interactions. These data show that α5β1 can bind to FN within a clot to promote clot retraction and support cell shape change. This provides strong evidence that α5β1-FN interactions may contribute to the cellular events required for wound contraction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology