Reproducibility of fMRI results across four institutions using a spatial working memory task

B. J. Casey, Jonathan D. Cohen, Kathy O'Craven, Richard J. Davidson, William Irwin, Charles A. Nelson, Douglas C. Noll, Xiaoping Hu, Mark J. Lowe, Bruce R. Rosen, Charles L. Truwitt, Patrick A. Turski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

191 Scopus citations


Four U.S. sites formed a consortium to conduct a multisite study of fMRI methods. The primary purpose of this consortium was to examine the reliability and reproducibility of fMRI results. FMRI data were collected on healthy adults during performance of a spatial working memory task at four different institutions. Two sets of data from each institution were made available. First, data from two subjects were made available from each site and were processed and analyzed as a pooled data set. Second, statistical maps from five to eight subjects per site were made available. These images were aligned in stereotactic space and common regions of activation were examined to address the reproducibility of fMRI results when both image acquisition and analysis vary as a function of site. Our grouped and individual data analyses showed reliable patterns of activation in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and posterior parietal cortex during performance of the working memory task across all four sites. This multisite study, the first of its kind using fMRI data, demonstrates highly consistent findings across sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-261
Number of pages13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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