Redshift-space distortions and the real-space clustering of different galaxy types

Luigi Guzzo, Michael A. Strauss, Karl B. Fisher, Riccardo Giovanelli, Martha P. Haynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the distortions induced by peculiar velocities on the redshift-space correlation function of galaxies of different morphological types in the Pisces-Perseus redshift survey. Redshift-space distortions affect early and late-type galaxies in different ways. In particular, at small separations the dominant effect comes from virialized cluster cores, where ellipticals are the dominant population. The net result is that a meaningful comparison of the clustering strength of different morphological types can be performed only in real space, i.e., after projecting out the redshift distortions on the two-point correlation function ξ(rp, π). A power-law fit to the projected function wp(rp) on scales smaller than 10 h-1 Mpc gives r0 = 8.35-0.76+0.75 h-1 Mpc, γ = 2.05-0.08+0.10 for the early-type population, and r0 = 5.55-0.45+0.40 h-1 Mpc, γ = 1.73-0.08+0.07 for spirals and irregulars. These values are derived for a sample luminosity limited to MZw ≤ -19.5. We detect a 25% increase of r0 with luminosity for all types combined, from MZw = -19 to -20. In the framework of a simple stable clustering model for the mean streaming of pairs, we estimate σ12(1), the one-dimensional pairwise velocity dispersion between 0 and 1 h-1 Mpc, to be 865-165+250 km s-1 for early-type galaxies and 345-65+95 km s-1 for late types. This latter value should be a fair estimate of the pairwise dispersion for "field" galaxies; it is stable with respect to the presence or absence of clusters in the sample, and is consistent with the values found for noncluster galaxies and IRAS galaxies at similar separations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume489
Issue number1 PART I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • Galaxies: structure

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