Real-time integration formulas with off-step inputs and their stability

C. W. Gear, Dianhan Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In real-time integration, additional time delays can be introduced by the computer time needed to compute an output after the input has been sampled. These delays can be reduced by sampling the input between the output points rather than at the same time. The integration formulas have to be adjusted to reflect the off-step inputs. This paper discusses such formulas and examines their stability properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-147
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Mathematics and Computation
Issue numberC
StatePublished - May 1989
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Real-time integration formulas with off-step inputs and their stability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this