Real-time detection of electron tunnelling in a quantum dot

Wei Lu, Zhongqing Ji, Loren Pfeiffer, K. W. West, A. J. Rimberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

362 Scopus citations


Nanostructures in which strong (Coulomb) interactions exist between electrons are predicted to exhibit temporal electronic correlations. Although there is ample experimental evidence that such correlations exist, electron dynamics in engineered nanostructures have been observed directly only on long time-scales. The faster dynamics associated with electrical currents or charge fluctuations are usually inferred from direct (or quasidirect) current measurements. Recently, interest in electron dynamics has risen, in part owing to the realization that additional information about electronic interactions can be found in the shot noise or higher statistical moments of a direct current. Furthermore, interest in quantum computation has stimulated investigation of quantum bit (qubit) readout techniques, which for many condensed-matter systems ultimately reduce to single-shot measurements of individual electronic charges. Here we report real-time observation of individual electron tunnelling events in a quantum dot using an integrated radio-frequency single-electron transistor. We use electron counting to measure directly the quantum dot's tunnelling rate and the occupational probabilities of its charge state. Our results provide evidence in favour of long (10 μs or more) inelastic scattering times in nearly isolated dots.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-425
Number of pages4
Issue number6938
StatePublished - May 22 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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