Reaction Sequencing During Processing of the 123 Superconductor

William J. Thomson, Hong Wang, David B. Parkman, Dong X. Li, Michael Strasik, Thomas S. Luhman, Chan Han, Ilhan A. Aksay

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Reaction sequencing studies were conducted for two precursors to the 123 superconductor in air and helium environments. In air, the reactants in both precursor systems produce an intermediate 123 phase at 1000 K without going through the BaCuO2 and Y2BaCuO5 intermediate phases, observed in earlier work with mixed powder precursors. In helium, the fully developed 123 tetragonal phase is formed at temperatures as low as 880 K, but it also decomposes to Y2BaCuO5, BaCu2O2, and BaCuO2; the extent of decomposition depends on the temperature. The 123 tetragonal phase completely decomposes by 1075 K, but it can be reformed if the atmosphere is switched back to air at a temperature above 950 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1977-1979
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


  • barium
  • precursors
  • processing
  • superconductors
  • yttrium


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