Quaternary carbons are ubiquitous in bioactive molecules; however, synthetic methods for the construction of this motif remain underdeveloped. Here, we report the synthesis of quaternary carbons from tertiary alcohols, a class of structurally diverse, bench-stable feedstocks, via the merger of photoredox catalysis and iron-mediated SH2 bond formation. This alcohol-bromide cross-coupling is enabled by a novel halogen-atom transfer (XAT) reagent, which is the first reductively activated XAT reagent to be reported. A wide variety of sterically congested quaternary products can be accessed through this mild and practical protocol including products derived from both alkylation and benzylation of tertiary fragments. We further demonstrate the synthetic utility of this method through the expedited synthesis of a liver receptor agonist and through a two-step conversion of ketones and esters to quaternary products, which enables the modular control of up to three of the four substituents on a quaternary center.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry