Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements have been performed for pure Cr2O3 to 61 GPa at ambient temperature with and without laser heating. Several changes were found at 15-30 GPa under cold compression: splittings of two E8 phonons, steep selective increase of some phonon intensities, softening of low-frequency phonon modes, selective broadening of some diffraction lines, systematic deviation of diffraction positions relative to the corundum structure assignment, and eventual splitting of the (110)H diffraction line at 58 GPa. These changes are consistent with those expected for a phase transition to the monoclinic V 2O3-type (I2/a) structure. Another phase transition has been found above 30 GPa after laser heating. This is accompanied by considerable changes in Raman spectra and diffraction patterns, which implies that the transition is reconstructive. The diffraction patterns of this phase can be well explained by either of the orthorhombic structures, perovskite or Rh2O3-II type. This confirms the recent prediction of stability of an orthorhombic phase in Cr2O3 at high pressure by first-principles calculations. Color changes of Cr2O 3 were also detected: from green to red at 14 GPa during cold compression and from red to green during the phase transition to the orthorhombic phase above 30 GPa. Detailed analyses on diffraction patterns show that the color changes are relevant to Cr-O bond-length change. Furthermore, the observed variation trends of bond lengths in Cr2O3 during cold compression are similar to those in Al2O3 with much more pressure sensitivity, which is consistent with recent first-principles calculations, but are opposite to those in V2O 3 and Fe2O3 at high pressure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics