Radio emission from supernova remnants: Implications for post-shock magnetic field amplification and the magnetic fields of galaxies

Todd A. Thompson, Eliot Quataert, Norman Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using observational data from the literature, we show that the non-thermal radio luminosity (L) of supernova remnants (SNRs) is a strong function of the average gas surface density (Σg) of the galaxy in which the remnants reside, from normal spirals to dense luminous starbursts. Our result supports the interpretation of the radio sources in M82 and Arp 220 as normal SNRs, and not 'radio' supernovae (SNe). We combine a simple theory for electron cooling in SNRs with their observed radio luminosities to estimate the remnant magnetic field strength (BSNR): the correlation between L and Σg implies that BSNR also increases with Σg. We explore two interpretations of this correlation: (1) BSNR is generated by post-shock magnetic field amplification, with B2SNR ∝ Σg and (2) BSNR results from shock compression of the ambient interstellar medium (ISM) magnetic field (BISM), with BISM being larger in denser galaxies. We find that shock compression is, on average, sufficient to produce the observed radio emission from SNRs in the densest starburst galaxies; amplification of post-shock magnetic fields is not required. By contrast, in normal spirals modest post-shock field amplification in some remnants (a factor of ∼ few - 10) is consistent with the data; we find tentative evidence that both the Alfvén speed within SNRs and the ratio of B2 SNR/8π to the post-shock pressure ('εB') are constant in SNRs from galaxy to galaxy. We discuss observational tests that can be used to more definitively distinguish between these two interpretations of the radio luminosities of SNRs. Regardless of which is correct, the radio emission from SNRs provides an upper limit to BISM that is independent of the minimum energy assumption. For the densest starbursts, the magnetic energy density in the ISM is below the total ISM pressure required for hydrostatic equilibrium; thus magnetic fields are not dynamically important on the largest scales in starbursts, in contrast with spiral galaxies like our own. This dichotomy may have implications for galactic dynamo theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1410-1419
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume397
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Galaxies: magnetic fields
  • Galaxies: starburst
  • Radio continuum: galaxies
  • Supernova remnants

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