Racial Residential Segregation in American Cities

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

13 Scopus citations


This article examines the causes and consequences of residential segregation in the metropolitan areas of the United States, with an emphasis on segregation between black and white households. In theory, residential segregation may be generated by black selfsegregation, collective action to exclude blacks from white neighborhoods, or individual moves by white households away from integrated neighborhoods. Understanding the causes of residential segregation is important if segregation has negative social or economic consequences, either for the minority residents or for the whole society. Over the past few decades, increasing residential segregation has taken place between jurisdictions in a metropolitan area rather than between neighborhoods within a jurisdiction. Potential policy solutions to residential segregation can be classified as place-based policies, peoplebased policies, or indirect solutions. Given legal constraints, public policy to counteract residential segregation will need to be formally race-neutral, targeting neighborhoods or individuals on the basis of income rather than race. Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199940738
ISBN (Print)9780195380620
StatePublished - Sep 18 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Economics, Econometrics and Finance


  • Black and white households
  • Economic consequences
  • Indirect solutions
  • Metropolitan areas
  • People-based policies
  • Place-based policies
  • Residential segregation


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