Race, segregation, and postal employment: New evidence on spatial mismatch

Leah Platt Boustan, Robert A. Margo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The spatial mismatch hypothesis posits that employment decentralization isolated urban blacks from work opportunities. This paper focuses on one large employer that has remained in the central city over the twentieth century-the U.S. Postal Service. We find that blacks substitute towards postal work as other employment opportunities leave the city circa 1960. The response is particularly strong in segregated areas, where black neighborhoods are clustered near the central business district. Furthermore, this pattern only holds for non-mail carriers, many of whom work in central processing facilities. More recently, the relationship between black postal employment and segregation has declined, suggesting that spatial mismatch has become less important over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Urban Economics
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Urban Studies

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