Quasicrystals. II. Unit-cell configurations

Joshua E.S. Socolar, Paul J. Steinhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

325 Scopus citations


In this (second) paper, quasicrystalline configurations of unit cells are analyzed for the cases of pentagonal and icosahedral orientational symmetry. We illustrate how two ideal quasicrystal structures with the same orientational symmetry and unit cells can be composed from very different local configurations of the cells and emphasize the mathematical and physical significance of subdividing the configurations into local isomorphism (LI) classes. We discuss various methods of constructing quasicrystal unit-cell configurations and techniques for determining the LI classes that the methods generate. Using these techniques, we derive a prescription for constructing the special LI class corresponding to the three-dimensional (3D) icosahedral analogue of the original Penrose tilings (configurations which can be generated by local matching and deflation rules). This prescription is then implemented and the resulting 3D packing is described in detail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-647
Number of pages31
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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