Quasi-steady and transient combustion of a carbon particle: Theory and experimental comparisons

A. Makino, C. K. Law

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The combustion of a carbon particle in an O2/CO2/Inert environment is theoretically studied for the quasi-steady situation of constant particle temperature and the transient situation with particle heating and radiative heat transfer. Chemical reactions considered include the surface C-O2 and C-CO2 reactions and the gas-phase CO-O2 reaction. Generalized species-enthalpy coupling functions are derived for this chemically-complex system without assuming any limit or near-limit behavior, thereby providing useful insight into the appropriate conserved quantities in carbon combustion as well as facilitating further theoretical developments. Calculated results emphasize the intimate coupling between the gas-phase and surface reactions, the importance of radiative heat loss, and the fact that the particle combustion mechanism is intermediate of those assuming frozen and equilibrium gas-phase reactions. By using a restrictive set of kinetic and thermophysical parameters, it is further demonstrated that the theoretical calculations agree well with existing experimental data for both the quasi-steady and transient combustion situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalSymposium (International) on Combustion
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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