Quantum Rabi Model with Two-Photon Relaxation

Moein Malekakhlagh, Alejandro W. Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


We study a cavity-QED setup consisting of a two-level system coupled to a single cavity mode with two-photon relaxation. The system dynamics is modeled via a Lindblad master equation consisting of the Rabi Hamiltonian and a two-photon dissipator. We show that an even-photon relaxation preserves the Z2 symmetry of the Rabi model, and provide a framework to study the corresponding non-Hermitian dynamics in the number-parity basis. We discuss the role of different terms in the two-photon dissipator and show how one can extend existing results for the closed Rabi spectrum to the open case. Furthermore, we characterize the role of the Z2 symmetry in the excitation-relaxation dynamics of the system as a function of light-matter coupling. Importantly, we observe that initial states with even-odd parity manifest qualitatively distinct transient and steady state behaviors, contrary to the Hermitian dynamics that is only sensitive to whether or not the initial state is parity invariant. Moreover, the parity-sensitive dynamical behavior is not a creature of ultrastrong coupling and is present even at weak coupling values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043601
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantum Rabi Model with Two-Photon Relaxation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this