Quantum optimal control of multiple weakly interacting molecular rotors in the time-dependent Hartree approximation

Alicia Magann, Linhan Chen, Tak San Ho, Herschel Rabitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We perform quantum optimal control simulations, based on the Time-Dependent Hartree (TDH) approximation, for systems of three to five dipole-dipole coupled OCS rotors. A control electric field is used to steer all of the individual rotors, arranged in chains and regular polygons in a plane, toward either identical or unique objectives. The goal is to explore the utility of the TDH approximation to model the field-induced dynamics of multiple interacting rotors in the weak dipole-dipole coupling regime. A stochastic hill climbing approach is employed to seek an optimal control field that achieves the desired objectives at a specified target time. We first show that multiple rotors in chain and polygon geometries can be identically oriented in the same direction; these cases do not significantly depend on the presence of the dipole-dipole interaction. Additionally, in particular geometrical arrangements, we demonstrate that individual rotors can be uniquely manipulated toward different objectives with the same field. Specifically, it is shown that for a three rotor chain, the two end rotors can be identically oriented in a specific direction while keeping the middle rotor in its ground state, and for an equilateral triangle, two rotors can be identically oriented in a specific direction while the third rotor is oriented in the opposite direction. These multirotor unique objective cases exploit the shape of the field in coordination with dipole-dipole coupling between the rotors. Comparisons to numerically exact calculations, utilizing the TDH-determined fields, are given for all optimal control studies involving systems of three rotors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number164303
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume150
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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