Quantum optimal control: Hessian analysis of the control landscape

Zhenwen Shen, Michael Hsieh, Herschel Rabitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Seeking an effective quantum control entails searching over a landscape defined as the objective as a functional of the control field. This paper considers the problem of driving a state-to-state transition in a finite level quantum system, and analyzes the local topology of the landscape of the final transition probability in terms of the variables specifying the control field. Numerical calculation of the eigenvalues of the Hessian of the transition probability with respect to the control field variables reveals systematic structure in the spectra reflecting the existence of a generic and simple control landscape topology. An illustration shows that the number of nonzero Hessian eigenvalues is determined by the number of quantum states in the system. The Hessian eigenvectors associated with its nonzero eigenvalues are shown to give insight into the cooperative roles of the control variables. The practical consequences of these findings for quantum control are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number204106
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 28 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantum optimal control: Hessian analysis of the control landscape'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this