Quantum-limit Chern topological magnetism in TbMn6Sn6

Jia Xin Yin, Wenlong Ma, Tyler A. Cochran, Xitong Xu, Songtian S. Zhang, Hung Ju Tien, Nana Shumiya, Guangming Cheng, Kun Jiang, Biao Lian, Zhida Song, Guoqing Chang, Ilya Belopolski, Daniel Multer, Maksim Litskevich, Zi Jia Cheng, Xian P. Yang, Bianca Swidler, Huibin Zhou, Hsin LinTitus Neupert, Ziqiang Wang, Nan Yao, Tay Rong Chang, Shuang Jia, M. Zahid Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

254 Scopus citations


The quantum-level interplay between geometry, topology and correlation is at the forefront of fundamental physics1–15. Kagome magnets are predicted to support intrinsic Chern quantum phases owing to their unusual lattice geometry and breaking of time-reversal symmetry14,15. However, quantum materials hosting ideal spin–orbit-coupled kagome lattices with strong out-of-plane magnetization are lacking16–21. Here, using scanning tunnelling microscopy, we identify a new topological kagome magnet, TbMn6Sn6, that is close to satisfying these criteria. We visualize its effectively defect-free, purely manganese-based ferromagnetic kagome lattice with atomic resolution. Remarkably, its electronic state shows distinct Landau quantization on application of a magnetic field, and the quantized Landau fan structure features spin-polarized Dirac dispersion with a large Chern gap. We further demonstrate the bulk–boundary correspondence between the Chern gap and the topological edge state, as well as the Berry curvature field correspondence of Chern gapped Dirac fermions. Our results point to the realization of a quantum-limit Chern phase in TbMn6Sn6, and may enable the observation of topological quantum phenomena in the RMn6Sn6 (where R is a rare earth element) family with a variety of magnetic structures. Our visualization of the magnetic bulk–boundary–Berry correspondence covering real space and momentum space demonstrates a proof-of-principle method for revealing topological magnets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-536
Number of pages4
Issue number7817
StatePublished - Jul 23 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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