We study a molecular emitter above a silver surface in the framework of macroscopic quantum electrodynamics and explore the population dynamics including non-Markovian effects. The theory we present is general for molecular fluorescence in the presence of dielectrics with any space-dependent, frequency-dependent, or complex dielectric functions. Furthermore, the proposed theory allows us to calculate the memory kernel of polaritons using computational electrodynamics packages. In the limit of a high vibration frequency, the different strengths of exciton-polariton couplings lead to distinct characteristics in the population dynamics, e.g., Franck-Condon-Rabi oscillation. (The frequency of Rabi oscillation is dependent on the Franck-Condon factor.) Additionally, in a specific condition, we derive a parameter-free formula that can be used to estimate the exciton-polariton coupling between a molecular emitter and a nanocavity, and the coupling estimated by our theory is in good agreement with the reported experimental results [Chikkaraddy et al., Nature 535, 127-130 (2016)].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry