While closed-loop control of quantum dynamics in the laboratory is proving to be broadly successful, the control mechanisms induced by the fields are often left obscure. Hamiltonian encoding (HE) was originally introduced as a method for understanding mechanisms in quantum dynamics in the context of computational simulations, based on access to the system wavefunction. As a step towards laboratory implementation of HE, this paper addresses the issues raised by the use of observables rather than the wavefunction in HE. The goal of laboratory based HE is to obtain an understanding of control mechanism through a sequence of systematic control experiments, whose collective information can identify the underlying control mechanism defined as the set of significant amplitudes connecting the initial and final states. Mechanism is determined by means of observing the dynamics of special sequences of system Hamiltonians encoded through the control field. The proposed algorithm can handle complex systems, operates with no recourse to dynamical simulations, and functions with limited understanding of the system Hamiltonian. As with the closed-loop control experiments, the HE control mechanism identification algorithm performs a new experiment each time the dynamical outcome from an encoded Hamiltonian is called for. This paper presents the basic HE algorithm in the context of physical systems described by a finite dimensional Hilbert space. The method is simulated with simple models, and the extension to more complex systems is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry