TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum control mechanism analysis through field based Hamiltonian encoding

T2 - A laboratory implementable algorithm

AU - Mitra, Abhra

AU - Rabitz, Herschel

N1 - Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge support from the NSF and DARPA grants.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - While closed-loop control of quantum dynamics in the laboratory is proving to be broadly successful, the control mechanisms induced by the fields are often left obscure. Hamiltonian encoding (HE) was originally introduced as a method for understanding mechanisms in quantum dynamics in the context of computational simulations, based on access to the system wavefunction. As a step towards laboratory implementation of HE, this paper addresses the issues raised by the use of observables rather than the wavefunction in HE. The goal of laboratory based HE is to obtain an understanding of control mechanism through a sequence of systematic control experiments, whose collective information can identify the underlying control mechanism defined as the set of significant amplitudes connecting the initial and final states. Mechanism is determined by means of observing the dynamics of special sequences of system Hamiltonians encoded through the control field. The proposed algorithm can handle complex systems, operates with no recourse to dynamical simulations, and functions with limited understanding of the system Hamiltonian. As with the closed-loop control experiments, the HE control mechanism identification algorithm performs a new experiment each time the dynamical outcome from an encoded Hamiltonian is called for. This paper presents the basic HE algorithm in the context of physical systems described by a finite dimensional Hilbert space. The method is simulated with simple models, and the extension to more complex systems is discussed.

AB - While closed-loop control of quantum dynamics in the laboratory is proving to be broadly successful, the control mechanisms induced by the fields are often left obscure. Hamiltonian encoding (HE) was originally introduced as a method for understanding mechanisms in quantum dynamics in the context of computational simulations, based on access to the system wavefunction. As a step towards laboratory implementation of HE, this paper addresses the issues raised by the use of observables rather than the wavefunction in HE. The goal of laboratory based HE is to obtain an understanding of control mechanism through a sequence of systematic control experiments, whose collective information can identify the underlying control mechanism defined as the set of significant amplitudes connecting the initial and final states. Mechanism is determined by means of observing the dynamics of special sequences of system Hamiltonians encoded through the control field. The proposed algorithm can handle complex systems, operates with no recourse to dynamical simulations, and functions with limited understanding of the system Hamiltonian. As with the closed-loop control experiments, the HE control mechanism identification algorithm performs a new experiment each time the dynamical outcome from an encoded Hamiltonian is called for. This paper presents the basic HE algorithm in the context of physical systems described by a finite dimensional Hilbert space. The method is simulated with simple models, and the extension to more complex systems is discussed.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.2820787

DO - 10.1063/1.2820787

M3 - Article

C2 - 18247935

AN - SCOPUS:38849175590

SN - 0021-9606

VL - 128

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

IS - 4

M1 - 044112

ER -