Quantifying regional, time-varying effects of cropland and pasture on vegetation fire

S. S. Rabin, B. I. Magi, E. Shevliakova, Stephen Wilson Pacala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The global extent of agriculture demands a thorough understanding of the ways it impacts the Earth system through the modification of both the physical and biological characteristics of the landscape as well as through emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols. People use fire to manage cropland and pasture in many parts of the world, impacting both the timing and amount of fire. So far, much previous research into how these land uses affect fire regimes has focused on either individual small regions or global patterns at annual or decadal scales. Moreover, because pasture is not mapped globally at high resolution, the amount of fire associated with pasture has never been quantified as it has for cropland. The work presented here resolves the effects of agriculture - including pasture - on fire on a monthly basis for regions across the world, using globally gridded data on fire activity and land use at 0.25° resolution. The first global estimate of pasture-associated fire reveals that it accounts for over 40 % of annual burned area. Cropland, generally assumed to reduce fire occurrence, is shown to enhance or suppress fire at different times of year within individual regions. These results bridge important gaps in the understanding of how agriculture and associated management practices influence vegetation fire, enabling the next generation of vegetation and Earth system models more realistically incorporate these anthropogenic effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6591-6604
Number of pages14
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume12
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 2015

Fingerprint

pasture
pastures
vegetation
agriculture
land use
cropland
effect
fire regime
greenhouse gas emissions
biological characteristics
aerosols
anthropogenic activities
anthropogenic effect
management practice
greenhouse gas
aerosol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Rabin, S. S. ; Magi, B. I. ; Shevliakova, E. ; Pacala, Stephen Wilson. / Quantifying regional, time-varying effects of cropland and pasture on vegetation fire. In: Biogeosciences. 2015 ; Vol. 12, No. 22. pp. 6591-6604.
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Quantifying regional, time-varying effects of cropland and pasture on vegetation fire. / Rabin, S. S.; Magi, B. I.; Shevliakova, E.; Pacala, Stephen Wilson.

In: Biogeosciences, Vol. 12, No. 22, 19.11.2015, p. 6591-6604.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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