The empirical reaction of substitutional carbon with silicon self-interstitials in Si0.998C0.002 layers pseudomorphically grown on Si (100) substrates has been quantified at 850°C. During annealing of a sample with a thin Si0.998C0.002 layer capped with a thin crystalline silicon layer, in either oxygen or nitrogen ambient, carbon diffuses from the surface edge of the Si0.998C 0.002 layer towards and out of the silicon surface. The extra number of carbon atoms lost during oxidation is found equal to the number of silicon interstitials injected by the oxidation process, strongly suggesting that each substitutional carbon reacts with a single self-interstitial to form a mobile interstitial carbon, whereby it diffuses to the surface. The mechanism appears the same in Si1-x-yGexCy and Si 1-xCx films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)