Low-frequency (ω≪ωci) radial magnetic field turbulence has been measured over the full minor radius for discharges in the Tokapole II tokamak [Nucl. Fusion 9, 1509 (1979)], and scaled over the range of edge safety factor 0.6≤qa ≤ 5.0. It was found that q a served as a control parameter for both the magnetic fluctuation amplitude and the global confinement time. As qa is reduced from 5 to 0.6 the turbulence level increases by a factor of 50 while the confinement time decreases by more than a factor of 10. At qa ≤ 1, the full fluctuation amplitude is roughly large enough to account for the global confinement using simple estimates of collisionless stochastic magnetic transport. At high qa, the turbulence is too small to account for transport using these estimates. Frequency spectra have been obtained from 10 to 400 kHz. For all qa most of the fluctuation power appears below 100 kHz. This low-frequency structure changes as the safety factor is varied. Although broadband in frequency, the long radial coherence lengths at these frequencies indicate global modes. For f≥ 100 kHz, the spectra become featureless, with a power-law frequency decay. Radial, poloidal, and parallel correlation analyses have been done as well. The parallel correlation length is estimated to be 150 ± 10 cm. Radial and poloidal coherence lengths are of the order of the machine dimensions for frequencies below 100 kHz for all qa. For f≥ 100 kHz, radial coherence lengths are 0.5-2.5 cm. Poloidal mode number spectral information is obtained from two-point phase shift measurements, radial decay of fluctuations beyond the separatrix, and poloidal coherence measurements. The m spectrum broadens as qa decreases. This might explain the increase in fluctuation amplitudes as qa decreases. It is suggested that the turbulence for all discharges is due to the same underlying cause or set of causes, and that the differences result from geometric effects associated with the variation in qa.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes