Pulsating instability and extinction of stretched premixed flames

E. W. Christiansen, C. K. Law

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Based on literature analytical and computational results that Le > 1 premixed flames are susceptible to exhibit pulsating instability, and that such propensity is promoted with increasing positive stretch, experiments were conducted on counterflow twin flames of lean and rich mixtures of methane in 15% O2/(O2 + He) such that the mixture Lewis number uniformly exceeds unity. Experimental results on the flame luminosity and position showed that these Le > 1 flames do exhibit pulsating instability as the strain rate is increased beyond a critical value, that pulsation develops for sufficiently off-stoichiometric (φ ≤ 0.80 and φ ≥ 1.30) flames while steady burning and extinction are associated with near-stoichiometric flames, and that the amplitude of the oscillatory flames increases with increasing strain rate until the flame extinguishes. Computations with detailed chemistry and transport showed qualitative and quantitative agreement with the experimental results, including the oscillation frequency. The calculation further reveals that during the course of largeamplitude oscillation, when the instantaneous flame temperature falls below its value at the steady-state extinction limit, the flame cannot revive itself and extinction occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Jul 25 2004Jul 30 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Pulsating instability and extinction of stretched premixed flames'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this