Proximity-induced high-temperature superconductivity in the topological insulators Bi 2 Se 3 and Bi 2 Te 3

Parisa Zareapour, Alex Hayat, Shu Yang F. Zhao, Michael Kreshchuk, Achint Jain, Daniel C. Kwok, Nara Lee, Sang Wook Cheong, Zhijun Xu, Alina Yang, G. D. Gu, Shuang Jia, Robert J. Cava, Kenneth S. Burch

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151 Scopus citations


Interest in the superconducting proximity effect has been reinvigorated recently by novel optoelectronic applications as well as by the possible emergence of the elusive Majorana fermion at the interface between topological insulators and superconductors. Here we produce high-temperature superconductivity in Bi 2 Se3 and Bi 2 Te 3 via proximity to Bi 2 Sr2 CaCu 2 O 8+δ, to access higher temperature and energy scales for this phenomenon. This was achieved by a new mechanical bonding technique that we developed, enabling the fabrication of high-quality junctions between materials, unobtainable by conventional approaches. We observe proximity-induced superconductivity in Bi 2 Se 3 and Bi 2 Te3 persisting up to at least 80K-a temperature an order of magnitude higher than any previous observations. Moreover, the induced superconducting gap in our devices reaches values of 10mV, significantly enhancing the relevant energy scales. Our results open new directions for fundamental studies in condensed matter physics and enable a wide range of applications in spintronics and quantum computing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1056
JournalNature communications
StatePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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