Production, perception, and communicative goals of American newscaster speech

Emily Gasser, Byron Ahn, Donna Jo Napoli, Z. L. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Listeners often have the intuition that the speech of broadcast news reporters somehow 'sounds different'; previous literature supports this observation and has described some distinctive aspects of newscaster register. This article presents two studies further describing the characteristic properties and functions of American English newscaster speech, focusing specifically on prosody. In the first, we investigate the production of newscaster speech. We describe the measurable differences in pitch, speed, intensity, and melodic features between newscaster and conversational speech, and connect those traits to perceptions of authority, credibility, charisma, and related characteristics. In the second, we investigate the perception of newscaster speech. Our experiments demonstrate that listeners can distinguish newscaster from conversational speech given only prosodic information, and that they use a subset of the newscasters' distinguishing features to do so.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-259
Number of pages27
JournalLanguage in Society
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language

Keywords

  • News
  • authority
  • credibility
  • discourse registers
  • prosody
  • speech perception

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