Chitosan-coated nanoparticles are a promising class of drug delivery vehicles that have been studied as tools for improving the gastrointestinal delivery of therapeutics. Here we present an analysis of chitosan-coated nanoparticles with an emphasis on characterizing the chitosan polymer properties. Cationic nanoparticles are produced by adsorbing a layer of chitosan HCl on an anionic (-40 mV ζ-potential) polyacrylic acid (PAA) coated primary nanoparticle. Commercially available chitosan (90% deacetylated) must be processed into a nearly completely deacetylated HCl salt form (99% deacetylation); otherwise, primary nanoparticle aggregation occurs. Deacetylated chitosan HCl produces stable, cationic (+35 mV ζ-potential) nanoparticles within 10% of the original anionic particle hydrodynamic diameter at a 1:2 molar ratio of chitosan glucosamine HCl monomers to PAA acrylic acid monomers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces