Probe measurements of electric field and electron density fluctuations at megahertz frequencies using in-shaft miniature circuits

Yibo Hu, Jongsoo Yoo, Hantao Ji, Aaron Goodman, Xuemei Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A four-tip electrostatic probe is constructed to measure high-frequency (0.1-10 MHz) fluctuations in both the electric field (one component) and electron density in a laboratory plasma. This probe also provides data for the local electron temperature and density. Circuits for high-frequency measurements are fabricated on two miniature boards, which are embedded in the probe shaft, near the tips to minimize the pickup of common-mode signals. The amplitude and phase response of two circuits to sinusoidal test signals are measured and compared with results from modeling. For both circuits, the phase shift between input and output signals is relatively small (<30°). The performance of the probe is verified in a high-density (∼1013 cm-3) and low-temperature (∼10 eV) plasma. The probe successfully measures high-frequency (∼2 MHz) fluctuations in the electric field and density, which are associated with lower hybrid drift waves. This probe can provide information on the wave-associated anomalous drag, which can be compared with the classical resistivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0335341
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume92
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation

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