Probabilistic checking of proofs; A new characterization of NP

S. Arora, S. Safra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors give a new characterization of NP: the class NP contains exactly those languages L for which membership proofs (a proof that an input x is in L) can be verified probabilistically in polynomial time using logarithmic number of random bits and sub-logarithmic number of queries to the proof. This is a non-relativizing characterization of NP. They discuss implications of this characterization; specifically, they show that approximating clique (or independent set) is NP-hard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 33rd Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 1992
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages2-13
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)0818629002
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes
Event33rd Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 1992 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: Oct 24 1992Oct 27 1992

Publication series

NameProceedings - Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS
Volume1992-October
ISSN (Print)0272-5428

Conference

Conference33rd Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 1992
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period10/24/9210/27/92

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)

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