Recent evidence indicates that the mitochondrial lipid cardiolipin may be instrumental in the proapoptotic action of Bcl-2 family proteins on mitochondrial membranes, leading to the release of apoptogenic factors. However, contrasting evidence indicates that progressive loss of cardiolipin occurs during apoptosis. Here we show that Bid, a crucial proapoptotic protein that integrates the action of other Bcl-2 family members, exhibits discrete specificity for metabolites of cardiolipin, especially monolysocardiolipin (MCL). MCL, normally present in the remodelling of mitochondrial lipids, progressively increases in mitochondria during Fas-mediated apoptosis as a by-product of cardiolipin degradation, and also enhances Bid binding to membranes. MCL may thus play a crucial role in connecting lipid metabolism, relocation of Bid to mitochondria and integrated action of Bcl-2 proteins on mitochondrial membranes. We propose that Bid interaction with MCL 'primes' the mitochondrial outer membrane via segregation of lipid domains, facilitating membrane discontinuity and leakage of apoptogenic factors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Cell Death and Differentiation|
|State||Published - Dec 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology