Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS): The metrology camera system

Shiang Yu Wang, Chueh Yi Chou, Yin Chang Chang, Pin Jie Huang, Jennifer Karr, Chi Hung Yan, James E. Gunn, Craig Loomis, Robert Lupton, Hassan Siddiqui, Shu Fu Hsu, Yen Shan Hu, Daniel J. Reiley, Naoyuki Tamura, Yuki Moritani, Naruhisa Takato

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations


The Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) is a new optical/near-infrared multi-fiber spectrograph designed for the prime focus of the 8.2m Subaru telescope. PFS will cover a 1.3 degree diameter field with 2394 fibers to complement the imaging capabilities of Hyper SuprimeCam. To retain high throughput, the final positioning accuracy between the fibers and observing targets of PFS is required to be less than 10 µm. The metrology camera system (MCS) serves as the optical encoder of the fiber positioners for configuring of fibers. The MCS locates at the Cassegrain focus of the Subaru telescope to cover the whole focal plane with one 50M pixel CMOS sensor. The information from MCS will be fed into the fiber positioner control system for closed loop control. The MCS was delivered to Subaru Observatory in Apr. 2018 and it had two engineering runs in Oct. 2018 and Aug. 2019. The 1st engineering run concluded that the original mirror supports need to be improved to provide better image quality. The newly designed mirror supports were installed before the 2nd engineering run. The 2nd engineering run result shows that the MCS overall position accuracy is better than 4μm and the image processing time is less than 4 seconds. The MCS is ready for the system integration with other PFS components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII
EditorsChristopher J. Evans, Julia J. Bryant, Kentaro Motohara
ISBN (Electronic)9781510636811
StatePublished - 2020
EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Dec 14 2020Dec 22 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • CMOS sensor
  • Metrology
  • Multi-fiber
  • Schmidt telescope
  • Spectrograph


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