PriME: A parallel and distributed simulator for thousand-core chips

Yaosheng Fu, David Wentzlaff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Modern processors are integrating an increasing number of cores, which brings new design challenges. However, mainstream architectural simulators primarily focus on unicore or multicore systems with small core counts. In order to simulate emerging manycore architectures, more simulators designed for thousand-core systems are needed. In this paper, we introduce the Princeton Manycore Executor (PriME), a parallelized, MPI-based, x86 manycore simulator. The primary goal of PriME is to provide high performance simulation for manycore architectures, allowing fast exploration of architectural ideas including cache hierarchies, coherence protocols and NoCs in thousand-core systems. PriME supports multi-threaded workloads as well as multi-programmed workloads. Furthermore, it parallelizes the simulation of multi-threaded workloads inside of a host machine and parallelizes the simulation of multi-programmed workloads across multiple host machines by utilizing MPI to communicate between different simulator modules. By using two levels of parallelization (within a host machine and across host machines), PriME can improve simulation performance which is especially useful when simulating thousands of cores. Prime is especially adept at executing simulations which have large memory requirements as previous simulators which use multiple machines are unable to simulate more memory than is available in any single host machine. We demonstrate PriME simulating 2000+ core machines and show near-linear scaling on up to 108 host processors split across 9 machines. Finally we validate PriME against a real-world 40-core machine and show the average error to be 12%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationISPASS 2014 - IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages116-125
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781479936052
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Event2014 IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software, ISPASS 2014 - Monterey, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 23 2014Mar 25 2014

Publication series

NameISPASS 2014 - IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software

Other

Other2014 IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software, ISPASS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityMonterey, CA
Period3/23/143/25/14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software

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