Present and future köppen-geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution

Hylke E. Beck, Niklaus E. Zimmermann, Tim R. McVicar, Noemi Vergopolan, Alexis Berg, Eric F. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3183 Scopus citations


We present new global maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification at an unprecedented 1-km resolution for the present-day (1980–2016) and for projected future conditions (2071–2100) under climate change. The present-day map is derived from an ensemble of four high-resolution, topographically-corrected climatic maps. The future map is derived from an ensemble of 32 climate model projections (scenario RCP8.5), by superimposing the projected climate change anomaly on the baseline high-resolution climatic maps. For both time periods we calculate confidence levels from the ensemble spread, providing valuable indications of the reliability of the classifications. The new maps exhibit a higher classification accuracy and substantially more detail than previous maps, particularly in regions with sharp spatial or elevation gradients. We anticipate the new maps will be useful for numerous applications, including species and vegetation distribution modeling. The new maps including the associated confidence maps are freely available via

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number180214
JournalScientific Data
StatePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Education
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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