When initially isotropic three-dimensional (3D) turbulence is compressed along two dimensions, the compression supplies energy directly to the flow components in the compressed directions, while the flow component in the noncompressed direction experiences the effects of compression only indirectly through the nonlinearity of the hydrodynamic equations. Here we study such 2D compressions using numerical simulations. For initially isotropic turbulence, we find that the nonlinearity can be insufficient to maintain isotropy, with the energy components parallel to the compression coming to dominate the turbulent energy, with a number of consequences. Among these are the possibilities for stronger and more easily sustained growth of turbulent energy than in 3D compressions and for an increasing turbulent Mach number even in a compression without thermal losses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics