Preferential in soil moisture and climate dynamics

Paolo D'Odorico, Amilcare Porporato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summer precipitation in continental midlatitude regions is significantly contributed by local recycling, i.e., by moisture returning to the atmosphere through evapotranspiration from the same region. On the other hand, reduced soil moisture availability may limit evapotranspiration rates with effects on the planetary boundary layer dynamics through the partitioning between sensible and latent heat fluxes. Thus, a dependence may exist between precipitation and antecedent soil moisture conditions. Here we provide theoretical and experimental evidence in support of the hypothesis that in continental regions summer soil moisture anomalies affect the probability of occurrence of subsequent precipitation. Owing to these feedbacks, two preferential states may arise in summer soil moisture dynamics, which thus tend to remain locked either in a "dry" or a "wet" state, whereas intermediate conditions have low probability of occurrence. In this manner, such land-atmosphere interactions would explain the possible persistence of summer droughts sustained by positive feedbacks in response to initial (spring) surface moisture anomalies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8848-8851
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume101
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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