Predicting CaO-(MgO)-Al2O3-SiO2 glass reactivity in alkaline environments from force field molecular dynamics simulations

Kai Gong, Claire E. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this investigation, force field-based molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been employed to generate detailed structural representations for a range of amorphous quaternary CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 (CMAS) and ternary CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 (CAS) glasses. Comparison of the simulation results with select experimental X-ray and neutron total scattering and literature data reveals that the MD-generated structures have captured the key structural features of these CMAS and CAS glasses. Based on the MD-generated structural representations, we have developed two structural descriptors, specifically (i) average metal oxide dissociation energy (AMODE) and (ii) average self-diffusion coefficient (ASDC) of all the atoms at melting. Both structural descriptors are seen to more accurately predict the relative glass reactivity than the commonly used degree of depolymerization parameter, especially for the eight synthetic CAS glasses that span a wide compositional range. Hence these descriptors hold great promise for predicting CMAS and CAS glass reactivity in alkaline environments from compositional information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106588
JournalCement and Concrete Research
StatePublished - Dec 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


  • Amorphous aluminosilicate
  • Glass reactivity
  • Molecular dynamics simulations
  • Structural descriptors
  • X-ray and neutron scattering


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