A highly enantioselective and practical synthesis of the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor efavirenz (1) is described. The synthesis proceeds in 62% overall yield in seven steps from 4-chloroaniline (6) to give efavirenz (1) in excellent chemical and optical purity. A novel, enantioselective addition of Li-cyclopropyl acetylide (4a) to p-methoxybenzyl-protected ketoaniline 3a mediated by (1R,2S)-N-pyrrolidinylnorephedrine lithium alkoxide (5a) establishes the stereogenic center in the target with a remarkable level of stereocontrol.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry