Results are presented from polymer/molecular organic heterostructure light emitting diodes composed of a layer of the conjugated conducting polymer poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV), and a layer of fluorescent molecular compound tris(8-hydroxy) quinoline aluminum (Alq). The external quantum efficiency of these heterostructure LEDs is ∼0.1%, which is over one order of magnitude higher than that of simple PPV LEDs. The electroluminescence (EL) spectra indicate that both materials in the device emit comparable amounts of light. The dependence of the EL spectra on the layer thicknesses and its independence on bias suggest that neutral excitons are formed in the Alq, far from the PPV/Alq interface, and subsequently diffuse into the PPV layer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)