Polymorphism of garnet solid electrolytes and its implications for grain-level chemo-mechanics

Marm B. Dixit, Bairav S. Vishugopi, Wahid Zaman, Peter Kenesei, Jun Sang Park, Jonathan Almer, Partha P. Mukherjee, Kelsey B. Hatzell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Understanding and mitigating filament formation, short-circuit and solid electrolyte fracture is necessary for advanced all-solid-state batteries. Here, we employ a coupled far-field high-energy diffraction microscopy and tomography approach for assessing the chemo-mechanical behaviour for dense, polycrystalline garnet (Li7La3Zr2O12) solid electrolytes with grain-level resolution. In situ monitoring of grain-level stress responses reveals that the failure mechanism is stochastic and affected by local microstructural heterogeneity. Coupling high-energy X-ray diffraction and far-field high-energy diffraction microscopy measurements reveals the presence of phase heterogeneity that can alter local chemo-mechanics within the bulk solid electrolyte. These local regions are proposed to be regions with the presence of a cubic polymorph of LLZO, potentially arising from local dopant concentration variation. The coupled tomography and FF-HEDM experiments are combined with transport and mechanics modelling to illustrate the degradation of polycrystalline garnet solid electrolytes. The results showcase the pathways for processing high-performing solid-state batteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1298-1305
Number of pages8
JournalNature Materials
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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