Polka Lines: Learning Structured Illumination and Reconstruction for Active Stereo

Seung Hwan Baek, Felix Heide

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Active stereo cameras that recover depth from structured light captures have become a cornerstone sensor modality for 3D scene reconstruction and understanding tasks across application domains. Active stereo cameras project a pseudo-random dot pattern on object surfaces to extract disparity independently of object texture. Such hand-crafted patterns are designed in isolation from the scene statistics, ambient illumination conditions, and the reconstruction method. In this work, we propose a method to jointly learn structured illumination and reconstruction, parameterized by a diffractive optical element and a neural network, in an end-to-end fashion. To this end, we introduce a differentiable image formation model for active stereo, relying on both wave and geometric optics, and a trinocular reconstruction network. The jointly optimized pattern, which we dub “Polka Lines,” together with the reconstruction network, makes accurate active-stereo depth estimates across imaging conditions. We validate the proposed method in simulation and using with an experimental prototype, and we demonstrate several variants of the Polka Lines patterns specialized to the illumination conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2021
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages5753-5763
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781665445092
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Jun 19 2021Jun 25 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
ISSN (Print)1063-6919

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/19/216/25/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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